Pesticides are covered by a number of regulatory schemes within the EU.
Plant Protections Products (PPP) were covered by EU regulation 91/414 until 2009 when the safety and efficacy assessments of such products underwent a major overhaul, resulting in Regulation (EC) No 1107/2009 which came into force in 2011. This regulation aimed to harmonise the approvals of PPPs across all EU member states. At EU level PPP active ingredients are placed on an Approved List and products containing these actives must be submitted for approval by member states. Each member state has an authority with responsibility for administering and enforcing the regulation. In the UK, this is the Chemicals Regulation Directorate of the Health & Safety Executive , (http://www.pesticides.gov.uk/guidance/industries/pesticides/topics/About-The-Chemicals-Regulation-Directorate) . These new regulations are more demanding than 91/414 and include components of the products other than the active ingredient (e.g. safeners and synergists), which required to undergo the same toxicological scrutiny as the AI. The main elements of the requirements of 1107/2009 can be found at; http://www.pesticides.gov.uk/guidance/industries/pesticides/topics/pesticide-approvals/eu/european-regulation/.
Pesticides not for use as PPPs are regulated by the Biocidal Products Regulations EU 528/2012 and includes rodenticides, avicides, piscicides, insecticides, acaricides, repellents and attractants.
Like regulation of PPPs the Biocidal Products Regulations have undergone major overhauls from the original Directive EC98/8 and a new regulation (EU 528/2012) came into force in 2013.